North west of Nilgiris(ooty)
There are three main types of forest: tropical moist deciduous, tropical dry deciduous and southern tropical thorn. In certain places mixed vegetation types are present. Tropical moist deciduous forest occurs in the western Benne Block, where rainfall is higher than in the other blocks.
Primates found include the Gray langur (Semnopithecus priam) and the Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiata). The Tiger (Panthera tigris) (E) is widespread, whereas the Leopard (P. pardus) (T) is most often seen in the Kargudi area. Other carnivores include the Dhole (Cuon alpinus) (V), the Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena), the Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) and the Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) (I). The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) (E) population totals several hundred animals. Ungulates include the Gaur (Bos gaurus) (V), the Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor), the Chital (Axis axis), Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), the Indian Spotted Chevrotain (Moschiola meminna), and the Wild Boar (Sus scrofa). Rodents include the Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica maxima) and the Red Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista).
Bird life is rich. Regional endemics include Malabar trogon Harpactes fasciatus and Malabar grey hornbill Tockus griseus. Predatory birds include crested hawk-eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus and crested serpent eagle Spilornis cheela. It also holds the isolated southern population of the Striped Tit-babbler Macronous gularis.Of the reptiles, monitor lizard Varanus bengalensis is the most regularly observed species.
Mostly Teak forests prone to summer fires. Home to large number of elephans(3471 as per 1997 census).
Mammals include : Elephant, Gaur, Sambar (deer), Chital, Sloth bear, Mouse deer, Wild dog, Wild boar, Barking deer, Four horned Antelope, Hyena.
Endangered species : Tiger, Four horned Antelope, Gaur, Elephant, Panther, Sloth bear, Crocodiles, Mouse deer, Python, Osprey, Indian Peafowl.
Birds: Grey Junglefowl, Pompadour Green Pigeon, Honey Buzzard, Red-headed Vulture, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Brown Hawk Owl, Bay Owl, Malabar Trogon, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Little Spiderhunter, Plain Flowerpecker.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1973 and the santuary was declared as part of the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in 2010. Parambikulam Tiger Reserve implements the Participatory Forest Management Scheme, where pPeople from tribal colonies inside the reserve are engaged as guides for treks and safaris, and are provided employment through various eco-tourism initiatives.
94km away from Mysore
Also known as 'Rajiv Gandhi National Park. This is located 94 km away from Mysore. It is spread between Kodagu and Mysore districts. The national park has rich forest cover, little streams, valleys and waterfalls. The park is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Western Ghats, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000 km2), including all of Nagarhole National Park, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. Mammals: Elephant, Jackal ,Tiger, Panther, Gaur, Muntjac, Sambar, Spotted deer, Elephant, Mongoose, Civet cat, Hyena Reptiles: King Cobra, Krait, Python, Viper, Tortoise, Monitor Lizard ,Toads etc. The main trees found are Rosewood, Teak, Sandalwood and Silver oak
Erode, Tamil Nadu
First declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 2008 Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary became a tiger reserve in 2013. It is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.
Anamalai Tiger Reserve was earlier known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park (IGWLS&NP). It was declared as a tiger reserver in 2008.
Biligiriranganatha Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary was created in 1974 and it was declared a tiger reserve in January 2011.
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